Around the Web; ‘Tis the Season of Reward

I hope you’re all enjoying a festive holiday season!

I’d like to thank those who are buying the ebook edition. As I write this, our rank in the Kindle store is #4 in Nutrition and #7 in Diet.

[1] Israel the Birthplace of Humanity? Friend-of-the-blog Miki Ben-Dor has a new paper in PLoS ONE, “Man the Fat Hunter: The Demise of Homo erectus and the Emergence of a New Hominin Lineage in the Middle Pleistocene (ca. 400 kyr) Levant.”

The paper take notes of a few facts:

  • Elephants disappeared from the Levant c. 400,000 years ago.
  • This disappearance coincided with the appearance of a new cultural complex – the Acheulo-Yabrudian.
  • Teeth and other evidence from Qesem Cave in Israel suggests that the hominins of the Levantine Acheulo-Yabrudian more closely resembled the Homo sapiens who appeared in Africa c. 200,000 years ago than did the Africans of 400,000 years ago.

This is very interesting for several reasons, but one of them is that genetic evidence shows that the divergence time for Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and Denisovans was close to or shortly before this time.

Disappearance of big-game species, such as elephants, often occurs during demographic expansions of humans utilizing new and more sophisticated technologies. Examples include the mass extinctions c. 45,000 years ago in Australia and 13,000 years ago in the Americas.

A plausible inference is that the Sapiens-Neanderthal-Denisovan common ancestor may have evolved in the Middle East c. 400 to 500 kya and initiated a demographic expansion which populated Eurasia with big game hunting Neanderthals and Denisovans and admixed with the large existing hominin population in Africa to create Homo sapiens.

The paper augments our understanding of Paleolithic diets with evidence that hunting of game for fat has been an important human activity for 1,800,000 years, with hunting skills adequate to eliminate major species by 400,000 years ago.

Congratulations, Miki!

[2] Music to Read By:

[3] Food Reward Hits Prime Time: 60 Minutes did a fascinating report, “The Flavorists,” on how the food company Givaudin makes industrial food enticing:

Some interesting aspects to me:

  • “The greatest flavorist of all: Mother Nature.” Flavorists go into orchards and fields, because natural flavors are the most pleasing.
  • Flavorists resemble nothing more than wine connoisseurs. They seek “a symphony of taste”: complexes of pleasant, interesting flavors. “Carrot on top of kumquat … really exciting.”
  • Flavorists find flavors in the oddest places. A commercial “natural flavoring” that tastes like raspberry and vanilla? Castoreum, which beavers secrete in urine to mark their territory.

As so often when looking at the modern world, I see corruption but the potential for good. These pleasing flavors are now being used to conceal toxic, malnourishing food. But the same techniques could be used to make healthful, nourishing food even more pleasurable.

Is there anything positive to say about “Gourmet Paleo” – delicious, complex flavors in Paleo foods? I think so. But don’t look for Castoreum in our cookbook!

[4] Interesting Posts This Week:

First, congratulations to Robb Wolf who’s in a new den and has a cub on the way!

Stephan Guyenet comments on the 60 Minutes piece: “hyperpalatable and hyper-rewarding products that drive our reward circuits beyond what they are adapted to constructively handle … contribute to obesity.” In the comments, Todd Hargrove declares “gourmet Paleo” a contradiction in terms; I disagree. Oddly enough, I wrote a comment on food reward this week.

FuelRestMotion ran a poll on Twitter, Mark’s Daily Apple, and other forums. 50% of respondents said their Paleo diet includes white rice. No word on what fraction include Castoreum.

Via Stabby, Sean Croxton of Underground Wellness interviews Morley Robbins. The interesting part runs from 18:30 to 21:30: Robbins recounts a dinner between Fred Kummerow, a researcher who identified trans-fats as a cause of disease, and Ancel Keys, the enemy of cholesterol and saturated fat. When Kummerow asked Keys why he chose to eat a large fatty steak, Keys gave a startling answer.

Dr. Kummerow has long been a friend of the Weston A Price Foundation, and I believe Chris Masterjohn may soon be following in Dr. Kummerow’s footsteps at the University of Illinois’s Burnsides Research Laboratory in food chemistry.

Norway has run out of butter. Hide the cows, !

Emily Deans is better than Freud at developing a grand unified theory of psychiatry. I hear she’s working on some blockbuster books: Food and Its Discontents. Five Lectures on Food-Analysis. The Interpretation of Food. And the one I’m looking forward to, Beyond the Food Reward Principle.

The Weston A Price Foundation has a set of beginner videos online.

At PaleoHacks, nominations are being taken for the “Paleo Academy Awards.” Voting will start Dec. 16.

Mark Sisson comes in at #26 and Robb Wolf at #35 in Greatist.com’s 100 Most Influential People in Health & Fitness. They beat out Rachel Ray (#38), Dr Sanjay Gupta (#52), Michelle Obama (#55), Gary Taubes (#56), Dean Ornish (#63), and the Dalai Lama (#87). Heading the list were Jillian Michaels and Bob Harper, trainers on The Biggest Loser.

Dr Ralph Cinque comments on the safe starches debate. “And what about Dr. Kempner at the Rice House at Duke University? For decades, he put diabetics on a diet of rice and fruit to correct their diabetic condition, and he often got them off medication. How did that happen? Well, they dropped so much weight, and I mean fat-weight, that their insulin resistance went away, and so did their diabetes.”

Dave Asprey, the Bulletproof Executive, interviews Mary Newport.

Robert Kurzban of the Evolutionary Psychology blog reports that when it comes to neonates, a few minutes can matter. Babies whose umbilical cords were severed 3 minutes after birth were healthier at age 4 months than babies whose umbilical cords were severed in the first ten seconds after birth.

Dr BG shared her interesting personal story with Jimmy Moore:

What helped me after multiple episodes of adrenal fatigue including one after moving to Shanghai, China was a high carb (150-200 g/day) non-paleo ‘adrenal reset’ modeled by Diana Schwarzbein MD in her book ‘The Schwarzbein Principle II’.

It worked….

Recently I returned to a stable LC (paleo) + rice + workouts (which worked for my initial 50 lbs fat loss; 50-100 grams carbs/day) and lost a few kilograms in the last month and half.

Lucas Tafur thinks we may be able to adjust the subcutaneous to visceral fat ratio with diet.

Chris Highcock reports that static stretching can create new fat cells.

Stephanie at Midlife Makeover Year finds the H.A.L.T approach for terminating an eating binge.

When you have the urge to binge, ask yourself if you are actually Hungry.  If the answer is no, check in to see if you are Anxious, Lonely, or Tired.  Any of those three can trigger the urge to fill up on food in a mindless binge, and any of those can be dealt with in more effective, healthy ways.  Awareness of what is triggering an impulse to binge might just head it off.

Popular Mechanics looks at Quantified Self tools.

If you’ve never seen the “Paleo Before and After” thread on PaleoHacks, it’s impressive.

John Hawks links to two reports on the fall of the (potentially fraudulent) hypothesis that XMRV causes chronic fatigue: John Timmer and Abbie Smith.

Jamie Scott, That Paleo Guy, looks up the official National Academy of Sciences recommendation for carbohydrate intake: 130 g/day, or 520 calories, right in the Perfect Health Diet safe zone and well below most people’s intake.

[5] Cute animal:

Via Yves Smith.

[6] Would you like arsenic with your rice?:   A PNAS study finds arsenic in rice, and Jimmy Moore takes it as a reason to avoid rice.

This follows on the heels of other studies measuring arsenic levels in food and beverages. Recently, Dr Michael Greger did a video on Arsenic in Chicken, and The Dr. Oz Show and Consumer Reports reported on high levels of arsenic in fruit juices.

The PNAS study doesn’t finger only rice: in fact anything that contains water has arsenic, and study subjects got three times more arsenic from drinking water than from rice:

Arsenic exposure through tap water and rice consumption explained 12% and 4%, respectively, of the variability in total urinary arsenic.

Rice grown in the United States has more arsenic than rice grown in Thailand or India. The reason, according to a paper in Environmental Health Perspectives, is that 19th century cotton farmers used arsenic-based pesticides to control boll weevils, and the arsenic remains in land that now grows rice.

Dartmouth professor Tracy Punshon notes that “brown rice contains higher levels of arsenic than white rice, because arsenic concentrates in the outer layer of rice bran.” So stick to white rice.

Dr. Punshon doesn’t go as far as Jimmy:

“We don’t want to stop people from eating rice, because a rice-based, sort-of Asian diet is much better for your overall health than, say, eating McDonald’s and fries every day,” says Punshon, who has tested different varieties of rice for arsenic….

“We don’t want to scare people off rice,” Punshon says. “It’s still a healthy food.”

Of course, the toxicity of arsenic depends on the dose. Rice accounted for 4% of dietary arsenic in the New Hampshire subjects, and eating a low-carb diet with white rather than brown rice are two steps that will help keep arsenic intake down.

As always, it’s good to remember the rule “Eat Paleo, not toxic”: diversification of plant food sources will help keep toxin levels down. That’s true even for safe starches.

[7] Niko Tinbergen on Food Reward: For Herring gulls, it’s the red stripes that do it:

Scientist Niko Tinbergen discovered that Herring gull chicks habitually tap the red-striped beak of their mother to be fed. He further realized that the tapping response of the chicks could be triggered without any beak at all.

In place of the beak, the chicks responded to a yellow colored stick with a red strip painted on its side. Further, if the number of stripes were increased, from one strip to three stripes, the chick’s enthusiasm for tapping the stick and demanding food increased proportionally.

[8] Maimonides on Food Reward: From “Concerning the Diseases of the Soul” (hat tip: Herb):

To those who are physically sick, the bitter tastes sweet and the sweet bitter. Some of the sick even desire and crave that which is not fit to eat, such as earth and charcoal, and hate healthful foods, such as bread and meat – all depending on how serious the sickness is.

To me this is evidence for how sophisticated the food reward system is. Bitter foods are rich in antimicrobial compounds; charcoal and clay help clear toxins; sugars feed bacteria; fasting and ketosis can be therapeutic. Sickness might well lead us to seek bitter foods and avoid sweets, if our food reward system is working properly.

[9] Don’t frustrate your food reward system!: Deceiving it with sweet-tasting but calorie-less beverages might cause weight gain. Sort of a reverse Shangri-La Diet effect.

[10] Watch out, you may find this anti-migraine food hyper-rewarding: Reader Sharon McAllister wrote to tell us that our diet had helped her migraines:

Before the Perfect Health Diet, I was getting migraines almost every day.  I was on a low-fat, high fiber diet which is, necessarily a high carbohydrate diet.  I ate lots of legumes, lots of whole grains, and lots of fruits and vegetables.  I also ate low-fat and non-fat dairy.  As you can see, the only good thing in my diet was the vegetables.  I was on this diet for about 4 years.  My bowels were regular for the first time in my life, and it did feel good to not always be constipated.  I believed I was doing all the right things.  I now know that slowly over time toxins were building up in my system.  Eventually, I realized that immediately after eating a meal (a meal that I thought was superfood healthy), I got a migraine before I could even get up from the table.  I couldn’t understand it!  I began to research, and by the grace of God, I found your diet and immediately purchased your book.  I have many migraine triggers, so they are not completely gone, but the frequency and intensity have reduced substantially.  My doctor has put me on several different maintenance drugs over the years that were suppose to reduce the frequency and intensity of my migraines, but none of them worked at all.  Your diet has done far more than anything else I’ve tried.  I am still hoping that one day I will be migraine free, but with my hormone related migraines, it will probably not be until after menopause.  I’m 48 years old though, so maybe not too much longer to wait.  My adult niece has also been a migraine sufferer for years and she is now on your diet, and it is working great for her too.  We both owe you a great deal of thanks!

Sharon also found that something called Choffy helped, and is now a distributor of Choffy. Choffy is cocoa beans roasted like coffee beans and then ground and brewed like coffee, to make a chocolate drink with a hint of roasted bean.

Sharon sent us a sample. I’m surprised it wasn’t mentioned on 60 Minutes, the Flavorists would love it.

For more see Sharon’s blog: DrinkBrewedChocolate.com.

[11] Comment of the Week:

Christian rebuts the “Lipid Hypothesis of the mollusk world”: it is, in fact, OK to eat mussels that don’t open during cooking.

[12] Not the Weekly Video:

Aetiology advises that it’s risky to castrate lambs – with your teeth. She has video demonstrating what NOT to do:

[13] Shou-Ching’s Photo Art:

[14] Weekly Video: Dr. Michael Evans explains what health step has the biggest return on investment:

Via Chris Highcock and Todd Hargrove.

Leave a comment ?

42 Comments.

  1. It’s funny that most low-carbers think PUFAs are good fats (Atkins and Taubes say this is true) and Jimmy Moore advertises on his website all kinds of low carb candy bars filled with who knows what, but holy crap! RICE HAS ARSENIC. Not as much as tap water, but RICE HAS ARSENIC!

  2. Pah, everyone knows that early humans only ate the skinless, boneless elephant breast!

    I wondered about that rice article, good analysis. Every time I see something on toxins I always have to wonder if a confounder is the ability to eliminate toxins. Do people who eat the most rice have the tendency to avoid sulfur-rich foods and have low glutathione levels? Of course the best method is just to look at what is in the food, like you did.

    Props to Emily, Jaime, Stephan and everyone else for being consistently great week after week. Cheers!

  3. Thanks Paul! Always appreciate this weekly post :)

  4. Great round up, as always.

    Regarding the diet coke and weight gain thing, this has been studied in humans as well.

    I haven’t seen any controlled trials, but there are some association studies and the results are staggering.

    Diet soda consumption is linked with obesity, type II diabetes, heart disease and preterm delivery.

    The results are staggering and highly statistically significant. If anyone is interested, I covered this on my blog (hope it’s okay to post the link):

    http://www.kriskris.com/is-diet-soda-bad-for-you/

  5. Paul,

    Would you be able to do a piece on gallstones and the gallbladder and how one can find relief without surgery?

  6. Hi AC,

    I’ll put it on my list of things to research. Unfortunately I’m not in a good position to make time for research at the moment.

    You definitely want to deal with any infections, as infections can be a big factor in gallbladder disease. I know of someone who was going to have surgery to have her gallbladder removed, but happened to go on antibiotics a few days before surgery. In three days her gallbladder was healed.

    Anything that promotes a good gut ecology is likely to help. Stomach acid support (eg betaine hydrochloride, salt consumption), eating fermented vegetables and yogurt.

    Then nourishment for bile flow (vitamin C, taurine, glycine, glutathione, cholesterol) and liver function.

    I know people who recommend the “cleanses” of eg a lemon juice and olive oil fast. But I haven’t looked into the literature on this.

    Best, Paul

  7. Paul & Shou-Ching,
    Very nice job with the Kindle addition. I was previously impressed with Art De Vany’s book, which handled end notes very well. Your inclusion of links takes it one step better. The color scheme and fonts are great as well. Thanks.

  8. Hi Jim,

    Credit goes to Jason, it was a challenge to format and he did a tremendous job.

  9. @AC,
    There’s a link between gluten and failure of the gall bladder to properly empty. I picked this fact up from Robb Wolf, but verified it myself. So, it may be necessary to be 100% gluten-free.

  10. Castoreum reminds me of ‘Like water for chocolate’… for some reason!

    Congrats to Miki Ben-Dor!! Awesome publication!!! Are we really post-erectus??! Many theories in one place (fatty brain, co-evolution, diet, changes in predator-prey relationships)!

    Paul and Shou-Ching,

    Keep up the wonderful work on your book, updates, blog posts and sharing your experiences and your readers!!

    I loved the thyroid posts and guest writer.

    My sister Marisa and I are still awaiting for the definitive, open-sourced, PHD guide on our favorite topics:
    –heavy metal accumulation, identification and elimination
    –candida imbalance
    –adrenal insufficiency

    Thank you for all that you two do and our community!
    G

  11. Thanks for the mention Paul. It’s an honor to be quoted, even if it’s only for you to register your disagreement!

  12. Stabby good point about being able to eliminate toxins.

  13. I’m looking forward to Deans’ magnum opus, “Moses and Monosodium glutamate”.

  14. Nice summary! You must be reading a lot blogs :)

    You’re probably already on top of it, but have you seen the latest posts by bingophil “Gourmet Paleo and Closure” over at Whole Health Source. The terminology Rightfully Rewarding (RR) and Pathological Trigger for Overconsumption (PTO) resonated very well with my own experience.

  15. Hi Grace,

    That’s funny. I’ve been waiting for Dr BG to give the definitive guide to heavy metal accumulation, identification and elimination! And adrenal insufficiency!

    Candida imbalance I will be blogging on … not sure the schedule however. As soon as I’m certain I know more than my readers.

    Hi Stabby, Sue,

    Yes, it is an excellent point … and I was going to mention it in my post but then I checked http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenic_toxicity and it said glutathione makes arsenic more toxic. Salt, water, and some kind of chelation therapy are the best excretion mechanisms.

    Hi Todd,

    It’s an honor to be in a dispute with you … but our next dinner together has to be at our house!

    Hi garymar,

    Oooh, that’ll be a good one.

    Hi Ole,

    I did see bingophil’s essay, and agree with it. Nice argument!

  16. I’m with Ole. RR and PTO also resonate with my personal experience. And bingophil’s comment that Stephan’s approach seems to “needlessly” turn people away from “rightfully rewarding” diets has been a concern of mine from the start; I see the compliance issues with it as being very similar to those with either LF or LC diets.

    The diet I’m on (essentially PHD with a once-a-week off-plan meal) is definitely *lower* carb than SAD, but I don’t consider it *low* carb (100-150g per day is higher than most LCers eat).

    Similarly my diet is definitely *lower* reward than SAD because I’m only infrequently eating foods that are full of hyperpalatable, industrially-designed ingredients, but it’s not a *low* reward diet … it’s one that provides an appropriate reward (and delivers what it promises).

    Waiting with bated breath for Paul’s take on all this! In the meantime, I’m back to reading Waistland, Deirdre Barrett’s book about supernormal stimuli.

    PS to Jason: Loving PHD on the Kindle. Thanks!!

  17. Paul,

    Haha. Don’t worry, if you ever make it to Seattle I will make steak Diane not potatoes a la Stephan.

    Just some clarifications to my comment in case anyone is interested in how I am combining PHD with Stephan’s food reward ideas.

    First, I don’t really need to lose weight, so that is not my intent in eating simpler food. It just started as an experiment to see whether there is any benefit to a low reward diet other than weight loss. In my experience I think there is.

    I notice that after a particularly rewarding meal, especially involving salty meat, my head feels a little heavy, almost like a head buzz. I never get that when I eat simpler.

    Second, my diet hasn’t changed too much. I used to eat three delicious PHD style meals a day, now I generally eat one simple one (e.g. potatoes eggs and a little butter and no spices); one tasty one and one somewhere in between. I am definitely eating less and having less cravings for sweets. I am surprised how much I enjoy the simple meal. It seems like a burden before eating it, but during and after it is very satisfying.

    I also notice (as Stephan has mentioned) that I crave higher reward if I am stressed or have recently eaten high reward.

    One more thing. When I say that “Paleo gourmet” is a contradiction” I don’t necessarily mean that it is a bad idea that will create problems for many people. I just mean that in my view, one of the essential benefits of paleo eating is that is very unlikely to create inappropriate cravings, and if you eliminate that element you won’t get its full benefits. I am sure that for most people, homemade gourmet paleo is nowhere near as rewarding as processed food and allows people to control intake quite well.

    I also acknowledge that the tastiness of gourmet paleo may increase compliance, which may be a huge benefit, fully worth the cost of eating food that is higher in reward.

  18. I think it is very interesting with the diet sodas. I guess it’s been around for a while, but come to think of it, I always tend to eat more/unnecessarily much when I visit my parents on weekends. I discovered, this weekend, that I almost instantly, after drinking a can, craved food. I don’t have sodas at my own place, but at my parents, I do tend to drink them… Also, I feel a lot less satiated during the day, despite actually eating more food overall!

    Another good reason to stay from sodas!

  19. Paul, in your recent blog post, you noted that Jaybird’s diet was “high reward” – and yet he was basically eating one meal a day. I think overall reward has an important contribution to satiety, with fasting being “low reward” and if I eat rich (paleo) meals, despite working out frequently), I have to skip meals quite regularly to keep my weight stable. All very interesting.

  20. Interesting comments on stress. As a college student working full time, stress is a huge obstacle for me. I am fine maintaining a PHD style diet, up until the day or so before a test or project in which case I become a whirlwind of ice cream, cookies, and fast food.

    Is there any advice for the stressed out folks?

  21. Hi Todd,

    Potatoes a la Stephan – does that have salt? I could have plain potatoes if they’re salted.

    Hi Rikke,

    Very interesting!

    Hi Emily,

    Did you see my reply to your earlier comment? http://perfecthealthdiet.com/?p=5223#comment-42341.

    It is interesting that some people gain weight on ad libitum gourmet Paleo and others don’t. A lot of individual variation out there when it comes to food reward.

    We do intermittent fasting plus simple lunch plus gourmet Paleo dinner. We haven’t noticed any weight effects from varying the reward of our meals.

    Hi Doug,

    I haven’t studied stress but exercise, sunlight, sleep – the usual lifestyle and circadian rhythm things – should be helpful. Getting rid of blue light at night for instance might be a simple step that helps.

  22. “Getting rid of blue light at night for instance might be a simple step that helps.”

    Any opinion on the below, Paul? I mean for those of us locked in a cubicle during the morning, and not for SAD but for simple circadian rhythm management.

    http://www.amazon.com/Philips-goLITE-BLU-Therapy-Device/dp/B001I45XL8/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1323655156&sr=8-1

  23. Hi D,

    That’s supposed to help with seasonal affective disorder, so I’m sure it does help circadian rhythms. I’m also interested in exploring UV lights, eg terrarium lights for reptiles, which will produce some vitamin D.

    For preventing blue in the evening, wearing blue-blocking glasses is a possible solution. Eg http://www.lowbluelights.com/

  24. Paul, I just wandered over to the “This is MS” site, and found this very recent information. If there are any MSers here, they might be interested:

    http://www.thisisms.com/forum/general-discussion-f1/topic18674.html

  25. Marilyn, thanks for sharing that. You know I don’t believe that MS is primarily autoimmune or that EAE is a good model. I’m delighted to learn of these new findings.

  26. You’re welcome. I’m with you. I’ve never really bought into the autoimmune theory — for MS or for many other conditions.

  27. Great blog. Lots of valuable information here!

    I’m fairly new to the scene so bare with me.

    A few comments,

    (1) This food reward idea does not gel with my experience which makes me more skeptical than I would be otherwise. It’s definitely a part of the picture (so could insulin be) but as it stands now it feels very incomplete to me. I’m sure I’m not the only one who feels this way.

    (2) My fasting glucose is low/stable when not eating carbs *providing I’m not eating too much protein*. This is consistent with Rosedale’s observations although thinking about it further, it does make sense to me that eating a little carbs rather than none could also result in an even lower blood glucose (providing you aren’t terribly insulin insensitive) because of more insulin secretion and possibly something to do with sensitivity to insulin. Do we have data on the fasting insulin levels of no-carb vs low carb vs higher carb people? That would help sort it out. Also, wouldn’t eating more carbs result in a heightened insulin spike?

    (3) The last concern I have about safe starches is for those who of us who are carb addicts (many of us) and that giving people the *taste* of carbs again might make it harder for them to stay on track. Kind of like an alcoholic: If they have just one drink again they often lose it and go on a binge. Sometimes its better to just stay away even if 1 drink wouldn’t hurt physiologically.

    Regards!

  28. One more thing,

    Observing the debate between you and Rosedale, I think the fundamental difference between your and his approach is that his ideas are primarily anti-aging rather than simply generalized health or fat loss. These goals overlap to a large degree but are not 100% inclusive. His logic is that since many diseases are age-related whatever you can do to retard the aging processes is necessarily healthy – along with the other automatic benefits. I’m very sympathetic to this.

    Just my two cents.

  29. Todd,

    You wrote:

    “I notice that after a particularly rewarding meal, especially involving salty meat, my head feels a little heavy, almost like a head buzz. I never get that when I eat simpler.”

    Maybe chelation side effects of some sort? One problem one can face adopting a bland diet, while living in a highly contaminated society, is that his/her chelation capacity may be impaired, due to low salt consumption.

  30. About Dr. Cinque’s post I don’t think it adds anything of value.

    I don’t know how many times I have seen faulty comparisons with world class athletes. There was a story about Branch Warren at Colpos (http://anthonycolpo.com/?p=1743) and now we Clinque mentioned Lance Armstrong as some form of ‘proof’. I find it ridiculous to use those kind of arguments really, as it is not relevant to 99.999% of people. Nobody disputes that if your goal is to win Olympic medal that managing carb input may be the way to go (I say may, because some are of opinion that you can achieve even better results on ketogenic diet after adaptation, http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/1/1/2)

    Sentence “attempts to remove carbohydrate from the diets of diabetics and just serve them protein and fat to control blood sugar have FAILED MISERABLY” is nothing but dishonest lie. Even ASCN changed opinion recently : “American Society for Clinical Nutrition suggested that a low-carbohydrate diet may be preferred to a low-fat diet for the induction of weight loss and glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes” (From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21309052)

    If we are to defend carbs, we need more serious arguments because promoting obviously dishonest articles will not going to do it.

  31. @majkinetor

    You beat me to it, Maj. Pretty much what I wanted to say about Cinque. Also, because I have brittle easily split or broken fingernails, I clicked on his ‘nails, hair, skin’ link and no information came up, just a lengthy list of products for sale.

  32. For your nails problem just use Biotin and Zinc, and eat 5 Brazil nuts each day. You may want to add horse tail tea, rich in silica.

  33. Hey Paul,

    thanks for mentioning the interview we did with Mary Newport. She had a ton of great info and I hope people find it useful. If interested in the recipe using MCT oil and coffee we discussed, here’s a link:

    http://www.bulletproofexec.com/how-to-make-your-coffee-bulletproof-and-your-morning-too/

    Thanks and keep up the great work!

    -Armi

  34. I just purchased the Kindle version last night and LOVE it. I read most of it immediately. Today I am logging my food in Fit Day and signed up for the 10 minute meals email list. Thank you so much Paul and Shou-Ching for making the Kindle version available. I can’t wait to start feeling better. I have already quit wheat for about 2 months now so the rest of the grains won’t be too difficult. The coconut oil was a little hard to swallow this morning so I added it to hot water.

  35. @cgarcher. For breakfast, I fry three eggs in a tablespoon of butter and a tablespoon of coconut. I find coconut oil really tasty that way.

  36. Oooops. I meant “a tablespoon of coconut oil.”

  37. I forgot about my previous comment! Thank for the clarification!

  38. i just ordered your diet book.i just read a line”most people don,t know that most of the carbs they eat become fat in the body.”seriously?you believe this?i think i just got “snowed” on another “paleo”diet book.

    • Hi Carey,

      That line does need clarification. It should say “excess carbs” and the key point comes immediately before (p 12) “or substitutes for fat as an energy source.” The point is that when glucose displaces fat as an energy source, you have as many fat molecules around as if you had eaten them.

  39. :smile: tnx for info

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